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Ficus Trees and the Five Most Common Types They Come In

Figs, also known as Ficus, are species of flowering plants that are indigenous to certain parts of Asia and the Middle East. It holds great importance in areas where it is cultivated for various cultural as well as religious reasons.

The genus, Ficus, has about 850 species, but the following are the five most common:Under the genus, Ficus, are some 850 species, and below are five of the most common:The genus, Ficus, has at least 850 known species, the following being the five most common:

Ficus benjamina

Ficus benjamina is the most well-known type of fig which is easily identified by its typically dark hues and sometimes tainted appearance. Although it grows quite fast in well-lit areas, the tree still thrives with minimal water and light, even growing as tall as 4 meters. Ficus benjamina trees are known as weeping trees because they usually shed their leaves when moved to a new position or placed in a less than favorable habitat.

Ficus lyrata

This Ficus tree variant is trendy in its own right and is often used for ornamental purposes. Sometimes called the the fiddle leaf or the banjo fig tree, this small one grows best in bright regions. It will keep growing as long as it is kept away from direct sunlight, otherwise, its leaves could burn.

Ficus elastica

People often find it weird when they learn that Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and remains a fig tree specie. This type of fig tree is actually a cross of many different kinds of fig trees that came all the way from an Asian tropical forest. The F. elastica normally grows as high as 40 meters and have big, polished leaves that have the same blotchy appearance of F. banjamina.

Ficus microcarpa

Known as Ficus ginseng as well, the F. microcarpa is more of a twisting aerial root with leaves than a tree or shrub. Such plant can reach a height between 40 cm to 1 meter and looks like a mini-tree. Just like F. lyrata, this tree is often used as an ornament. It grows best in temperatures of 12 to 15 degrees Celsius during wintertime and in shady places when it’s summer.

Ficus congesta

Ficus congesta, or the cluster figs trees, are trees native to Indonesia as well as the Philippines. This tree’s fruits come in clusters and may grow from the branches or from the trunk itself. The leaves begin curled up, and when they unfurl they show various shades of red, making the tree look perfectly stunning. In any case, they can reach a height of 50 feet, especially in their native regions. While this space is too small for everything you want to know about these plants, just being familiar with their five most common types is definitely a good start.

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